, is an inflammation of the gums that can lead to the destruction of the tissues and bone that surround and support your teeth. If left untreated, periodontal disease leads to tooth loss. Over 75% of Americans have some type of periodontal disease, so recognizing early warning signs is essential to maintaining a healthy mouth.

Three Stages of Gum Disease

  1. Gingivitis – This is the most common form of gum disease. This stage is characterized by swelling, redness, and irritation of the gums. Gums may also bleed when you brush or floss. Gingivitis is the result of untreated plaque buildup on teeth. Plaque is a sticky film that forms on your teeth, consisting of bacteria. The bacteria irritate the gums, and when it’s not removed by brushing and flossing, the plaque hardens and forms tartar. Once tartar forms, it can only be removed by a dental professional. If left untreated, the plaque and tartar buildup will continue to irritate the gums until the bone and ligaments supporting the teeth begin to decline.
  2. Periodontitis – This stage of gum disease is marked by the deterioration of the bone tissue that supports your teeth. Specifically, you will see a separating, or pulling away, of the gums from the teeth. As a result, “pockets” may begin to form below the gumline, trapping food debris, bacteria, and toxins. As the gumline recesses, and periodontitis advances, teeth may begin to loosen and/or shift.
  3. Advanced Periodontitis – At this point, the tissues, ligaments, and bones that support your teeth are completely compromised. Teeth are loosening and falling out, and abscesses may be forming on the gumline. Periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss in the US.

Gum disease is preventable. Simply brush twice per day, floss daily, and see your Southern California dentist every six months for a dental exam and cleaning. No one wants to face the grim result of periodontal disease.

Contact Us for a Consultation

Contact Riverside Dental Group, at (951) 689-5031, to schedule an appointment with one of our dentists. We have six dental offices throughout Southern California, including Corona, Temecula, and Moreno Valley.